Some other triggers such as tiredness, less sleep, overexertion, low sugar levels, jet lag, dehydration.

Risk factorsdepression, irritable bowel disorder, sleep disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety.

Signs and symptoms –

One-sided headache which worsens during physical activity or straining.

About 50% of people experience physical and sensory symptoms, such as aura before the headache.

The pain is frequently accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, sound, & smell, fatigue, and irritability.

Mild to severe throbbing or pulsating type of headache with nausea and vomiting.

In adults, the pain usually lasts up to 3 days & in children usually less than 1 hour.  

Types –

Migraine with aura (classic migraine), Migraine without aura, Chronic migraine, Menstrual, Abdominal, Vestibular Hemiplegic. 

  • Use cold packs or masks
  • Stay in a quiet, darkened room
  • Take a good sleep
  • Yoga and Acupressure – also found to be effective in pain relief from chronic headaches and other conditions
  • Magnesium supplementation often helps to prevent it
  • Physiotherapy like neck exercises, massages
  • Avoid food and beverages such as meat, bacon, sausage, alcohol, chocolate, processed foods, pickles, dairy products like buttermilk, sour cream, etc.
Prevention –

Identify and avoid triggers like stress, overexertion, certain foods, medicines, exposure to bright lights, low sugar level, alcohol, less sleep. Monitor and observe yourself to out such triggers.

Learn stress reduction techniques such as yoga, cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques.

Regular physical exercise may decrease the frequency.

Diagnosis –

The diagnosis of migraine is based on signs, symptoms, and history. Imaging tests are not helpful but may be used to find other causes of headaches like tumors.