Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat gets accumulated in the body causing a negative effect on health.
It is going to be the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
Diabetes occurs in 64% of males and 77% of females in women due to excess body fat. It is more common in women than in men.
When the body mass index (BMI) is over 30 kg/m2 is defined as overweight.
BMI is defined as the subject’s weight divided by the square of their height.
Several medical societies classified obesity as a disease now.
The word ‘Obesity’ is derived from the Latin word obesitas, which means stout, fat, or plump.
- BMI below 18.5 – Underweight
- BMI 18.5 to 24.9 – Normal weight
- BMI 25 to 29.9 – Overweight
- BMI 30 to 34.9 – Class-1 obesity
- BMI 35 to 39.9 – Class-2 obesity (severe obesity)
- BMI above 40 – Class-3 obesity (morbid obesity)
- BMI above 50 – Super obesity
Causes of obesity –
When you take in more calories than you burn through exercise and normal daily activities, it results in obesity. Your body stores these excess calories as fat.
The most common causes of obesity are –
- Unhealthy diet & overeating – A diet that’s high in calories, lacking in fruits and vegetables, full of fast food and laden with high-calorie beverages and over-sized portions contribute to weight gain.
- Physical inactivity – A sedentary lifestyle with less or no physical activity is directly associated with weight gain.
- Genetics – Obesity tends to run in families. It is observed that the genes you inherit from your parents may affect the amount of body fat you store, and its distribution.
- Social – it is found more in developed countries and high social classes.
- Medications – certain medicines such as insulin, anti-psychotics, anti-depressants, steroids, & some hormonal contraceptives.
- Psychological factors – Stress, depression, and low social status increases the risk of obesity. People often seek more high-calorie food when they experience stressful situations.
- Diseases – such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOD), growth hormone deficiency, arthritis, and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.
- Age – obesity can occur at any age, growing older, which can lead to less muscle mass and a slower metabolic rate, making it easier to gain weight.
- Pregnancy – increase in weight is common during pregnancy. This weight gain may development obesity in women. Breastfeeding can be a great option to lose weight gained during pregnancy.
- Sleep – Not getting enough sleep or excessive sleep can cause hormones to change, which increases your appetite.
- Microbiome – these are the gut bacteria that get affected by what you eat and may contribute to weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
Obesity can lead to many major conditions such as type-3 diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, certain cancers, stroke, gall bladder diseases, fatty liver diseases, infertility, impotence, arthritis, sleep apnea, and other breathing problems.
Due to obesity, you may not be able to do things such as participating in enjoyable activities like games and dancing.
Social isolation – You may also avoid public places due to shame and guilt.
People with obesity may even face discrimination.
Preventive measures –
Eating a healthy diet and getting enough physical activity can help prevent obesity.
Here are some measures to prevent obesity –
- Eat more vegetables, fruits, and visit the gym a few times a week, can help to deal with obesity.
- Do not consume processed and ultra-processed foods as they are high in fats, sugar, and salt.
- Diet – improve your diet by reducing the consumption of foods, high in fat or sugars, and by increasing the intake of dietary fiber. Consult a dietitian or nutritionist for a proper diet.
- Exercise regularly – at the gym, do aerobics, swimming, cycling, helps in losing weight.
- Learn relaxation techniques to avoid stress as it causes many bad effects on your body and mind.
- Social support – both family and healthcare professionals may help to fight against obesity.
- Behavioral counseling – for obesity and other risk factors such as heart disease.
- Weight loss surgery i.e. Bariatric surgery
Prevention of obesity in children –
Childhood obesity usually persists into adulthood. It is also associated with numerous chronic illnesses such as Hypertension, Diabetes, Hyperlipidemia, and Fatty liver disease.
Lifestyle interventions and behavioral techniques are primarily used as treatments in children.
Following measures will help to prevent childhood obesity –
- Breastfeeding infants reduce the risk of childhood obesity.
- Encourage your child to eat fruits, vegetables, and proteins from an early age.
- Eating slowly and only when hungry can reduce the chances of obesity in children.
- Engage your child in physical activities like sports, outdoor games, cycling.
- Make sure your child is getting enough sleep.
- Find out what your child is eating outdoors.
Homeopathic approach for Obesity & weight loss –
In many clinical trials, it has found that homeopathic medicines act as fat burners in the treatment of obesity.
Homeopathic medicines help to correct the underlying cause like overeating, stress, depression, endocrinal problems.
There is no miracle treatment for obesity in Homeopathy, but homeopathic medicines have been successfully used for weight loss.
The homeopathic treatment for weight loss requires a thorough case history of the patient. While case taking the person’s physical, mental, emotional and psychological aspects, including sensitivities and sensibilities, are recorded. After analysis and evaluation, the exact medicine is selected depending upon the constitution of the patient.
Remember, there are no specific homeopathic medicines & supplements for obesity. Along with homeopathy medicine, a healthy diet and exercise are essential.
Homeopathic medicines work by stimulating the metabolism to burn more fat.
Top 5 Homeopathic Medicines for weight loss –
Calcarea Carb –
This is the best homeopathic medicine for weight loss. The patient of calcarea carb is fair, fatty and flabby. There is evidence of slow metabolism and excessive fat accumulation on the abdomen.
In order to prescribe this medicine, constitutional symptoms are most important. The typical calcarea patient sweats profusely, can’t tolerate cold in general. There is craving for boiled eggs, and indigestible things like chalk, clay, pencils, lime, etc.
There is always constipation due to slow metabolism.
Calcarea can also be given if the weight gain is due to thyroid disorder.
It is suited to both adults and children for weight loss.
It is suited to persons who are sluggish, lax, fat, and lazy in nature. The capsicum patient has aversion to any physical activity and always wants to stay at home, & get homesick easily.
There is aggravation from cold in general. The patient feels better while eating and warmth. They are clumsy, awkward and with unclean habits.
This medicine is suited to persons who are stout, constipated, of fair complexion and have a tendency for skin affections. They are fat, chilly patients who take cold easily.
Graphites help menopausal women lose weight without any side effects. It is mainly indicated in women who remain sad, cannot tolerate cold air and suffer from chronic constipation. Extreme irritability and anger are also marked in graphites patients.
Natrum mur –
This is also a prominent remedy for weight loss. There is excess fat, especially on thighs and buttocks. The main cause of obesity in natrum mur patients is stress or depression.
Excessive heat in the body, intolerance of heat in every form, anemia are some constitutional symptoms indicated for natrum mur. There is a typical craving for salt in natrum mur patient.
Natrum mur patient is reserved, secretive, depressed, and awkward in nature. Complaints worse by noise, music, warm room, mental exertion, and talking. It is also indicated in hypothyroidism, goiter, Addison’s disease, and diabetes.
It is one of the most prescribed homeopathic medicine for weight loss.
Lycopodium patients have chronic constipation and other GIT disturbances.
It is prescribed for those who gain weight due to hypothyroidism.
They have a craving for sweets & warm things. There is a tendency to eat more than their limit which results in weight gain. Mentally, they are irritable, easily angered, and afraid to be alone.
Other Homeopathic medicines used for weight loss –
Anacardium, Ferrum met, Phytolacca, Ignatia, Sepia, Phosphorus, Pulsatilla, Belladonna, Kali carb, Calcarea ars, Sulphur, Thyroidinum, Antim crud, Calcarea phos.
“I believe that human health is a precious thing which may not be compromised at any cost. That’s why I strongly believe in Homeopathy, because it is so natural and NO harming side effects at all”.